Insignia Germany Order Teutonic.svg hochmeisterarmsteutonic.png Insignia Germany Order Teutonic.svg
The Order of the Teutonic Knights of St.
Mary's Hospital in Jerusalem - 1190-2020
The German Order of the Teutonic Knights of Christ in Jerusalem
Orden der Brüder vom Deutschen Haus St. Mariens in Jerusalem
File:Crux Ordis Teutonicorum.svg  " Helfen - Wehren - Heilen "  File:Crux Ordis Teutonicorum.svg " Help - Defend - HealFile:Crux Ordis Teutonicorum.svg

Teutonic Order - HomepageHistory of the Teutonic OrderRule and Statutes of the Teutonic OrderMembership of the Teutonic OrdenInternational Bailiwicks and Commanderies of the Teutonic OrderTeutonic OrderAdministrative StructureChronicon terrae PrussiaePeter of DusburgKingdom of JerusalemAssizes of JerusalemHaute Cour of JerusalemOfficers of the Kingdom of JerusalemVassals of the Kingdom of JerusalemKnights TemplarReligious Military OrdersJesus ChristSaint MaryRosary of the Virgin MaryMarian Cross - Teutonic OrderCatholic PrayersTeutonic ShopMembership StructureTeutonic BrigadeTeutonic Brigade - Command and RanksLivonian Brothers of the SwordLivonian OrderLivonian ChronicleLandmeister in LivlandLandmeister of PrussiaHermann BalkDietrich von GruningenAnno von SangershausenOtto von LutterbergErnst von RatzeburgJohann Osthoff von MengedeJohann Freytag von LoringhovenWolter von PlettenbergGotthard KettlerOrder of DobrzynTeutonic EventsTeutonic StateDuchy of EstoniaTeutonic ChurchStephansdomTeutonic SaintsSaint Elisabeth of HungarySaint GeorgeBad MergentheimSchloss MergentheimDeutschordenskommendeMalbork CastleCastles - Teutonic OrderHermann CastleAlden Biesen CastleBran CastleBalga CastleBytow CastleBauska CastleKonigsberg CastleMontfort CastleRiga CastleOrdensburgBattle of GrunwaldBanners in the Battle of GrunwaldBattle of KoronowoSiege of DamiettaSiege of MarienburgBattle of the IcePrussian UprisingsBattle of La ForbieTreaty of ChristburgBattle of KrückenBattle of DurbeBattle of PokarwisSiege of KönigsbergBattle of LöbauSiege of BartensteinBattle of PagastinBattle of AizkraukleMilan uprising - 1311Siege of ChristmemelBattle of MedininkaiBattle of Saint GeorgeBattle of PlowceBattle of PyzdryBattle of LegnicaBattle of RudauBattle of the Siritsa RiverBattle of StrevaBattle of the Vorskla RiverBattle of Vistula LagoonBattle of ChojniceBattle of SwiecinoTeutonic BattlesPrussian CrusadeLivonian CrusadeWendish CrusadeTeutonic RegaliaCoats of Arms of Knights of the Teutonic OrderTeutonic DocumentsArms of HochmeistersPortraits - OnePortraits - TwoPortraits - ThreePortraits - FourOrders CompositionTeutonic CoinsHochmeisters of the Teutonic OrderTeutonic Grand CommandersTeutonic MarshalsMaster SibrandHeinrich von BassenheimOtto von KerpenHeinrich von TunnaHermann von SalzaKonrad von ThuringenGerhard von MalbergHeinrich von HohenloheGunther von WullerslebenPoppo von OsternaAnno von SangershausenHartmann von HeldrungenBurchard von SchwandenKonrad von FeuchtwangenGottfried von HohenloheSiegfried von FeuchtwangenKarl von TrierWerner von OrselnLuther von BraunschweigDietrich von AltenburgLudolf Konig von WattzauHeinrich DusemerWinrich von KniprodeKonrad Zollner von RothensteinKonrad von WallenrodeKonrad von JungingenUlrich von JungingenHeinrich von PlauenMichael Kuchmeister von SternbergPaul von RusdorfKonrad von ErlichshausenLudwig von ErlichshausenHeinrich Reuß von PlauenHeinrich Reffle von RichtenbergMartin Truchseß von WetzhausenJohann von TiefenDuke Frederick of SaxonyDuke Albert of PrussiaArchduke Maximilian of AustriaArchduke Eugen of AustriaArchduke Wilhelm Franz of AustriaArchduke Anton Victor of AustriaArchduke Charles, Duke of TeschenArchduke Maximilian Francis of AustriaPrince Charles Alexander of LorraineClemens August of BavariaCount Francis Louis of NeuburgLudwig Anton von Pfalz-NeuburgJohann Caspar von AmpringenArchduke Charles Joseph of AustriaArchduke Leopold Wilhelm of AustriaJohann Kaspar von StadionJohann Eustach von WesternachCharles of Austria, Bishop of WroclawMaximilian III, Archduke of AustriaHeinrich von BobenhausenGeorg Hundt von WeckheimWolfgang SchutzbarWalter von CronbergNorbert KleinPaul HeiderRobert Johann SchalzkyMarian TumlerIldefons PaulerArnold Othmar WielandBruno PlatterFrank BayardPrince Karl of GermanyHonorary KnightsKonrad AdenauerCarl Duke of WurttembergFranz Joseph of LiechtensteinKarl von HabsburgOtto von HabsburgJoachim MeisnerPhilipp Albrecht Duke of WurttembergChristoph SchonbornKnights Grand CrossKnights of HonourMarian KnightsKnights of the Livonian CrossOrder of The Iron CrossKnights of The Iron CrossOrder of The Pour le MériteKnights of The Pour le MériteGrand Bailiwick of the United States of AmericaGrand Bailiwick of GermanyGrand Bailiwick of JerusalemGrand Bailiwick of South AmericaGrand Bailiwick of North AmericaBailiwick of KönigsbergBailiwick of RomeBailiwick of ApuliaBailiwick of AustriaBailiwick of WestfaliaBailiwick of FranconiaBailiwick of HesseBailiwick of LombardyBailiwick of KoblenzBailiwick of SicilyBailiwick of ThuringiaBailiwick of SaxoniaBailiwick of SwabiaBailiwick of LorraineBailiwick of Puerto RicoAncient Teutonic BailiwicksBailiwick of UtrechtDuitse HuisJacob van AmerongenUnico van WassenaerCommandery of FranceCommandery of SpainCommandery of ItalyCommandery of PortugalCommandery of BrazilCommandery of AustraliaCommandery of CanadaCommandery of the Holy SeeCommandery of SwedenCommandery of NorwayKnights of the Teutonic OrderGermanic PeopleTeutons - Teutones - TeutoniTheodiscusTeutonic BishopsTeutonic ParishesPope FrancisPope Benedict XVIPope John Paul IIList of PopesLinks - OneLinks - TwoCharity LinksGerman WebsitesGerman Websites

  Thumbnail for version as of 21:23, 16 March 2014 Insignia Germany Order Teutonic.svg Thumbnail for version as of 21:23, 16 March 2014

The Battle of Streva -1348

The Battle of Strėva, Strebe, or Strawe was fought on 2 February 1348 between the Teutonic Order and the pagan Grand Duchy of Lithuania on the banks of the Strėva River, a right tributary of the Neman River, near present-day Žiežmariai. Chronicler Wigand of Marburg publicized this battle as a great victory for the Knights: he claims that some 18,000 Lithuanians were killed or drowned while only 8 knights and 60 other soldiers died on the Order's side. Narimantas and Manvydas, two sons of Gediminas, Grand Duke of Lithuania, are thought to be killed in the battle.

Campaign and Battle

In 1347, the Teutonic Knights saw an influx of crusaders from France and England, where a truce was made during the Hundred Years' War. Their expedition started in late January 1348, but due to bad weather, the bulk of the forces did not proceed further than Insterburg. A small army led by Grand Commander and future Grand Master Winrich von Kniprode invaded and pillaged central Lithuania (probably areas around Semeliškės, Aukštadvaris, Trakai) for a week before being confronted by Lithuanian troops. The Lithuanian army included contingents from its eastern territories (Volodymyr-Volynskyi, Vitebsk, Polotsk, Smolensk) which shows that the army was assembled beforehand, probably for a campaign into the Teutonic territory. The Knights were in a difficult position: they could cross the frozen Strėva River only a few men at a time and once most of their forces had crossed, the remaining soldiers would be annihilated. The knights had limited supplies and could not wait. The Lithuanians, led by Kęstutis or Narimantas, also had short supplies and decided to attack by hurling arrows and spears injuring a great number. However, at the critical moment the crusaders counter-attacked with their heavy cavalry and the Lithuanians lost their formation. So many of them drowned in the river that Knights could cross it with "dry feet." This episode caused much criticism of the source: the Strėva River is shallow, especially during winter, and could not have caused such a massive drowning.

Aftermath

As a result of the defeat Lithuanians were weakened: the same year the Knights attacked and pillaged Šiauliai area without much of opposition and destroyed a castle in Veliuona. In the east, Lithuania lost influence in Pskov and Novgorod in 1348 and in Smolensk the following year. The Knights attributed the victory to the Virgin Mary and in her honor Grand Master Winrich von Kniprode established a Cistercian nunnery in Königsberg and a Franciscan monastery in Wehlau. However, due to the change in leadership (the Grand Master Heinrich Dusemer was troubled by poor health and died in 1353) and spreading Black Death, the Knights did not take full advantage of one of the biggest defeats of the Grand Duchy.