Insignia Germany Order Teutonic.svg hochmeisterarmsteutonic.png Insignia Germany Order Teutonic.svg
The Order of the Teutonic Knights of
St. Mary's Hospital in Jerusalem - 1190
The German Order of the Teutonic Knights of Christ in Jerusalem
Orden der Brüder vom Deutschen Haus St. Mariens in Jerusalem
File:Crux Ordis Teutonicorum.svg  " Helfen - Wehren - Heilen "  File:Crux Ordis Teutonicorum.svg " Help - Defend - HealFile:Crux Ordis Teutonicorum.svg

Teutonic Order - HomepageHistory of the Teutonic OrderRule and Statutes of the Teutonic OrderMembership of the Teutonic OrdenInternational Bailiwicks and Commanderies of the Teutonic OrderTeutonic OrderAdministrative StructureChronicon terrae PrussiaePeter of DusburgKingdom of JerusalemAssizes of JerusalemHaute Cour of JerusalemOfficers of the Kingdom of JerusalemVassals of the Kingdom of JerusalemKnights TemplarReligious Military OrdersJesus ChristSaint MaryRosary of the Virgin MaryMarian Cross - Teutonic OrderCatholic PrayersTeutonic ShopMembership StructureTeutonic BrigadeTeutonic Brigade - Command and RanksLivonian Brothers of the SwordLivonian OrderLivonian ChronicleLandmeister in LivlandLandmeister of PrussiaHermann BalkDietrich von GruningenAnno von SangershausenOtto von LutterbergErnst von RatzeburgJohann Osthoff von MengedeJohann Freytag von LoringhovenWolter von PlettenbergGotthard KettlerOrder of DobrzynTeutonic EventsTeutonic StateDuchy of EstoniaTeutonic ChurchStephansdomTeutonic SaintsSaint Elisabeth of HungarySaint GeorgeBad MergentheimSchloss MergentheimDeutschordenskommendeMalbork CastleCastles - Teutonic OrderHermann CastleAlden Biesen CastleBran CastleBalga CastleBytow CastleBauska CastleKonigsberg CastleMontfort CastleRiga CastleOrdensburgBattle of GrunwaldBanners in the Battle of GrunwaldBattle of KoronowoSiege of DamiettaSiege of MarienburgBattle of the IcePrussian UprisingsBattle of La ForbieTreaty of ChristburgBattle of KrückenBattle of DurbeBattle of PokarwisSiege of KönigsbergBattle of LöbauSiege of BartensteinBattle of PagastinBattle of AizkraukleMilan uprising - 1311Siege of ChristmemelBattle of MedininkaiBattle of Saint GeorgeBattle of PlowceBattle of PyzdryBattle of LegnicaBattle of RudauBattle of the Siritsa RiverBattle of StrevaBattle of the Vorskla RiverBattle of Vistula LagoonBattle of ChojniceBattle of SwiecinoTeutonic BattlesPrussian CrusadeLivonian CrusadeWendish CrusadeTeutonic RegaliaCoats of Arms of Knights of the Teutonic OrderTeutonic DocumentsArms of HochmeistersPortraits - OnePortraits - TwoPortraits - ThreePortraits - FourOrders CompositionTeutonic CoinsHochmeisters of the Teutonic OrderTeutonic Grand CommandersTeutonic MarshalsMaster SibrandHeinrich von BassenheimOtto von KerpenHeinrich von TunnaHermann von SalzaKonrad von ThuringenGerhard von MalbergHeinrich von HohenloheGunther von WullerslebenPoppo von OsternaAnno von SangershausenHartmann von HeldrungenBurchard von SchwandenKonrad von FeuchtwangenGottfried von HohenloheSiegfried von FeuchtwangenKarl von TrierWerner von OrselnLuther von BraunschweigDietrich von AltenburgLudolf Konig von WattzauHeinrich DusemerWinrich von KniprodeKonrad Zollner von RothensteinKonrad von WallenrodeKonrad von JungingenUlrich von JungingenHeinrich von PlauenMichael Kuchmeister von SternbergPaul von RusdorfKonrad von ErlichshausenLudwig von ErlichshausenHeinrich Reuß von PlauenHeinrich Reffle von RichtenbergMartin Truchseß von WetzhausenJohann von TiefenDuke Frederick of SaxonyDuke Albert of PrussiaArchduke Maximilian of AustriaArchduke Eugen of AustriaArchduke Wilhelm Franz of AustriaArchduke Anton Victor of AustriaArchduke Charles, Duke of TeschenArchduke Maximilian Francis of AustriaPrince Charles Alexander of LorraineClemens August of BavariaCount Francis Louis of NeuburgLudwig Anton von Pfalz-NeuburgJohann Caspar von AmpringenArchduke Charles Joseph of AustriaArchduke Leopold Wilhelm of AustriaJohann Kaspar von StadionJohann Eustach von WesternachCharles of Austria, Bishop of WroclawMaximilian III, Archduke of AustriaHeinrich von BobenhausenGeorg Hundt von WeckheimWolfgang SchutzbarWalter von CronbergNorbert KleinPaul HeiderRobert Johann SchalzkyMarian TumlerIldefons PaulerArnold Othmar WielandBruno PlatterFrank BayardPrince Karl of GermanyHonorary KnightsKonrad AdenauerCarl Duke of WurttembergFranz Joseph of LiechtensteinKarl von HabsburgOtto von HabsburgJoachim MeisnerPhilipp Albrecht Duke of WurttembergChristoph SchonbornKnights Grand CrossKnights of HonourMarian KnightsKnights of the Livonian CrossOrder of The Iron CrossKnights of The Iron CrossOrder of The Pour le MériteKnights of The Pour le MériteGrand Bailiwick of the United States of AmericaGrand Bailiwick of GermanyGrand Bailiwick of JerusalemGrand Bailiwick of South AmericaGrand Bailiwick of North AmericaBailiwick of KönigsbergBailiwick of RomeBailiwick of ApuliaBailiwick of AustriaBailiwick of WestfaliaBailiwick of FranconiaBailiwick of HesseBailiwick of LombardyBailiwick of KoblenzBailiwick of SicilyBailiwick of ThuringiaBailiwick of SaxoniaBailiwick of SwabiaBailiwick of LorraineBailiwick of Puerto RicoAncient Teutonic BailiwicksBailiwick of UtrechtDuitse HuisJacob van AmerongenUnico van WassenaerCommandery of FranceCommandery of SpainCommandery of ItalyCommandery of PortugalCommandery of BrazilCommandery of AustraliaCommandery of CanadaCommandery of the Holy SeeCommandery of SwedenCommandery of NorwayKnights of the Teutonic OrderGermanic PeopleTeutons - Teutones - TeutoniTheodiscusTeutonic BishopsTeutonic ParishesPope FrancisPope Benedict XVIPope John Paul IIList of PopesLinks - OneLinks - TwoCharity LinksGerman WebsitesGerman Websites

Arms of the Kingdom of Jerusalem (Ströhl).svg    Arms of the Kingdom of Jerusalem (Ströhl).svg

The Officers of the Kingdom of Jerusalem

There were six major officers of the kingdom of Jerusalem: the constable, the marshal, the seneschal, the chamberlain (which were known as the "Grand Offices"), the butler and the chancellor. At certain times there were also bailiffs, viscounts and castellans. Essentially these offices developed from the typical officials that existed in northern France in the 11th century, the homeland of the first kings of Jerusalem. The offices continued to develop in France and England, but in Jerusalem they tended to develop more slowly or not at all, taking on different roles than their European counterparts. The lists given below are incomplete, as the specific names and dates of the officers are sometimes unknown. After the fall of the Kingdom of Jerusalem, the offices were sometimes awarded as honors by the kings of Cyprus and Jerusalem.



The constable commanded the army, paid mercenaries and judged legal cases pertaining to the military. He was the most important officer in the kingdom, due to the almost constant state of warfare that existed between the Christian and Muslim states. The constable was officially the second-in-command of the army, in which he exercised police authority and commanded a division twice as large as all others. In addition, constables also determined the boundaries and borders of the kingdom. During the coronation the constable would hold the king's horse.

  • Simon (1108–1115)
  • Hugh Caulis (c. 1120)
  • Eustace Grenier (c. 1123-1123)
  • William I of Bures (1123–1141)
  • Manasses of Hierges (1144–1151)
  • Humphrey II of Toron (1152–1179)
  • Amalric of Lusignan (1179–1194)
  • John of Ibelin (1194–1205)
  • Walter of Montbéliard (1206–1211)
  • Odo of Montbéliard (1220–1244)
  • Philip of Montfort (c. 1244)
  • John of Ibelin (1251–1258)
  • William of Botron (1258–1262)
  • Balian of Arsuf (1268–1277)
  • Richard of Neublans (c. 1277)
  • Simon of Montolif (c. 1284)
  • Baldwin of Ibelin (c. 1286)
  • Amalric of Lusignan (1285–1300)
  • Philip of Brunswick-Grubenhagen (c. 1359)
  • Peter of Lusignan (c. 1415)


The marshal was next-in-command (and, apparently, a literal vassal) to the constable. He led the mercenaries and was in charge of the army's horses, and distributed the spoils of a victorious battle. On coronation day the marshal would assist the constable.

  • Sado (1125–1154)
  • Eudes of St. Amand (1155–1156)
  • Joscelin III of Edessa (1156–1159)
  • William (1159–1171)
  • Gerard of Pugi (1169–1174)
  • John (c. 1179)
  • Gerard of Ridefort (c. 1179)
  • Walter Durus (1185–1192)
  • Hugh Martin (c. 1191)
  • Arnulf (c. 1193)
  • John (1194–1200)
  • Aimar of Laron (c. 1206)
  • James of Dournai (1211–1217)
  • Riccardo Filangieri (1231–1242)
  • Philip of Cossie (c. 1250)
  • Geoffrey of Sargines (c. 1254)
  • John of Gibelet (1261–1262)
  • William Canet (1269–1273)
  • James Vidal (c. 1277)


The office of seneschal in Jerusalem never achieved the prominence of its European counterparts but was important nonetheless. The seneschal administered the coronation ceremony, oversaw the Haute Cour in the king's absence, administered royal castles, and managed the royal finances and revenue. The seneschal's power was over only viscounts and not castellans, and the constable was still superior to the seneschal due in part to the kingdom's constant state of war. During coronations the seneschal would hold the royal sceptre and oversee the coronation feast. The office was similar to, but not as developed as, the English office of the exchequer.

  • Hugh of St. Omer (c. 1100–1104)
  • Gervase (c. 1104)
  • Hugo Chostard (c. 1112)
  • Anscherius (c. 1122)
  • Isaac (c. 1149)
  • John (c. 1151)
  • Guy le François (c. 1164)
  • Miles of Plancy (c. 1168–1174)
  • Ralph (c. 1176)
  • Joscelin III of Edessa (1176–1190)
  • Obertus Nepos (1187–1192)
  • Ralph of Tiberias (1194–1220)
  • Raymond of Gibelet (c. 1240)
  • Baldwin of Ibelin (c. 1256)
  • Geoffrey of Sargines (1254–1267)
  • Robert of Cresque (c. 1269)
  • Jean I de Grailly (1272–1276)
  • Eudes Pelechin (c. 1277)
  • Philip of Ibelin (c.)


The Chamberlain administered the royal household and its servants, and had other honorary duties such as administering oaths. On coronation day the chamberlain would robe the king. He had his own fief from which he drew his salary.

  • Strabulon (c. 1099)
  • Geoffrey (c. 1099)
  • Gerard (1108–1115)
  • John (1119–1128)
  • Ralph (1129–1130)
  • Joscelin (c. 1138)
  • Miles (c. 1138)
  • Nicholas (1150–1152)
  • Gauvain de la Roche (c. 1156)
  • Gerard of Pugi (c. 1169)
  • Amalric of Lusignan (1175–1178)
  • John (c. 1179)
  • Raymond (c. 1184)
  • Balian of Ibelin (1183–1185)
  • Thomas (1190–1197)
  • Henry of Canelli (c. 1192)
  • John (c. 1194)
  • Rohard of Caiphas (1201–1220)
  • Renaud of Caiphas (1230–1232)
  • John of Cossie (1232–1250)
  • Philip of Cossie (1250–1269)


The butler was in charge of the royal table and also administrated the kingdom's vineyards.

  • Winric (c. 1099)
  • Gervais (c. 1107)
  • Pagan (1120–1136)
  • Robert Crispin (1145–1146)
  • Hugues of St. Amand (1164–1167)
  • Miles (1185–1186)


The chancellor drew up deeds and charters and managed the kingdom's diplomatic service. The chancellery is an interesting example of the fossilization of 11th century offices. It consisted of only a few secretaries and scribes, and never became the large administrative bureaucracy that had developed elsewhere in Europe. Chancellors tended to be clergymen who often became bishops or archbishops, sometimes while still holding the chancellery. The relative unimportance of the chancellor reflects the relative decentralization of royal authority as compared to states like France or England that were at the same time becoming more centralized.

  • Arnoul (c.)
  • Pagan (1115–1128)
  • Amelinus (c. 1130)
  • Franco (1133–1135)
  • Helias (1136–1142)
  • Ralph, bishop of Bethlehem (1146–1174)
  • Frederick, Archbishop of Tyre (c. 1150)
  • William, archbishop of Tyre (1174–1183)
  • Lambert (c. 1177)
  • Bandinus (for Conrad of Montferrat (de jure Conrad I from 1190), in Tyre) (1188–1192)
  • Peter, bishop of Tripoli (1185–1192)
  • Eudes (c. 1190)
  • Joscius, Archbishop of Tyre (1192–1200)
  • Ralph, bishop of Sidon (1206–1212)
  • Simon, archbishop of Tyre (1226–1227)
  • Maregnan (c. 1234)


The bailiff (or bailli) administered the kingdom in the absence or minority of the king, in the capacity of a regent; for example, during the captivity of Baldwin II, and the youth and illness of Baldwin IV. In the 13th century the bailiff ruled essentially as a king himself, and was the most powerful man in the kingdom, as the kings were usually foreign monarchs who did not live permanently in the kingdom.

  • Eustace Grenier (1123)
  • William I of Bures (1123–1124)
  • Miles of Plancy (1173)
  • Raymond III of Tripoli (1173–1177)
  • Raynald of Châtillon (1177)
  • Guy of Lusignan (1183–1185)
  • Raymond III of Tripoli (1186)
  • John of Ibelin (1206–1210)
  • Hugh of Montbéliard (1223–1227)
  • Thomas of Calan (1227–1228)
    • Richard Filangieri (1231–1242), at Tyre
    • Odo of Montbéliard (1236–1240), at Acre
    • Walter Penenpié (1240), at Acre
  • John of Ibelin (1246–1248)
  • John Fainon (1248–1249)
  • John of Arsuf (1249–1254)
  • John of Ibelin (1254–1256)
  • John of Arsuf (1256–1258)
  • Geoffrey of Sargines (1259–1261)
  • Balian of Ibelin (1276–1277)
  • Roger of San Severino (1277–1281)
  • Odo Poilechien (1281–1286)
  • Baldwin of Ibelin (1286-1287)

Viscounts and Castellans

These two offices were sometimes held by one person and sometimes held by two separate people; sometimes one or the other was not held at all. They were named by the king and occupied the Tower of David, but their specific duties are mostly unknown and were probably not particularly important; one of the duties of the viscount was apprehending criminals and administering justice in the lower-class burgess court. Like the office of butler, these offices may not have survived the move to Acre.

  • Anselm (castellan, c. 1110)
  • Pisellus (viscount, c. 1110)
  • Anscatinus (viscount, 1120–1135)
  • Roard the elder (both, 1135–1150)
  • Arnoul (viscount, 1155–1181)
  • Eudes of St. Amand (both, c. 1160)
  • Roard the younger (castellan, 1165–1177)
  • Peter of Creseto (castellan, c. 1173)
  • Balian of Jaffa (castellan, c. 1178)
  • Peter of Creseto (castellan, c. 1178)